To convert JavaScript object to array, we can use two functions – Object.keys() and Object.values().

Suppose, our javascript object is –

var jsObj = {
   key1  : 'value 1',
   key2  : 'value 2',
};

Now, if you want to for loop through this object, you will need to first convert it into array. Because looping through array is possible using count function. Although in javascript we use length property.

But first let’s see how we can convert this object to array. Here is the code –

var keyArray = Object.keys(jsObj);
var valueArray = Object.values(jsObj);

So, one object could be broken into separate arrays of keys and values. Check out how our keyArray and valueArray will look like –

keyArray = ['key1', 'key2'];
valueArray = ['value1', 'value2'];

Using for loop on javascript object

Now we already know how to convert object to array, so we can simply use that method to iterate on objects. Check out this code –

var keyArray = Object.keys(jsObj);
for(var i=0; i < keyArray.length; i++){
  console.log("Object Key: ", keyArray[i], ", Object Value: ", jsObj[keyArray[i]]);
}

The output of above code will be –

Object Key: key1, Object Value: value1
Object Key: key2, Object Value: value2

A better way to loop through array or object is to use forEach function. There is no need of count or length for iterations through it. Check out the implementation –

Object.keys(jsObj).forEach(function(singleKey){
  console.log("Object Key: ", singleKey, ", Object Value: ", jsObj[singleKey]);
})

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Why we are using array of keys and not array of values while looping?

This is because keys are always unique in an object while values are not. One key will point to its value only but a same value can have many different keys.

So, when we are looping, we can use keys to get the appropriate values. If we have used array of values then we could not get the keys easily.

If you are not required to access keys at all then, yes you can use the array of values in for or forEach loop.

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akamit

I am Akash Mittal, an overall computer scientist. If you want to guest post, need help in your projects, want to advertise, Feel free to contact me at [email protected]

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