React Native PrismJs is a real thing and yes, you can work with them. With the help of WebView, it is quite possible. Here in this article, we will learn about the ways in which PrismJs could be integrated with React Native.

Introduction

PrismJs is the library written in JavaScript, which prettifies your <code> markups like IDEs. It supports nearly all the major languages present. Generally we use it for the websites only, but in this article I am going to show you how it could be used in mobile apps. I will also show you a working example.

Before You Begin

This is not an article to learn React Native or PrismJs or WebView. I have created it with intensions to show you the way to integrate Prismjs with React Native. So, you need to have a little idea of all the 3 components and of course the Html.

Step 1: Importing WebView

React Native has deprecated their core WebView (Read More). They are now recommending to use community package instead, like many other components. So, I will need to install it from here – https://github.com/react-native-webview/react-native-webview

yarn add react-native-webview

If you are running React Native version > 0.60, then there is no need to manually link it but if not then you may read the linking instructions from here – https://github.com/react-native-webview/react-native-webview/blob/master/docs/Getting-Started.md

After installing the package, we can simply import it using this command –

import { WebView } from 'react-native-webview';

Step 2: Getting ready with PrismJs

PrismJs provides you Stylesheets and JavaScript files. But which of them to use that depends on your use case. Suppose you are adding a python code block in your website then you will need the python js file of Prism. There is whole bunch of supported language to choose from. For this tutorial, I will let Prism decide by using autoLoader file.

You will be happy to know that Prism files are uploaded on major Cdn like jsDelivr, cdnjs and Unpkg. I will use cdnjs in this article. These are the files we will require –

  • https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/themes/prism-dark.min.css
  • https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/components/prism-core.min.js
  • https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/plugins/autoloader/prism-autoloader.min.js

One more thing here, it works when it sees the <code> block. So, whatever code you are planning to prettify that should be inside code block and you may assign a language-xxxx class. For example, if I am writing a javascript code, I will use class language-js

HTML code using PrismJs

This is the html code we will use in our app.

<!DOCTYPE html>
  <html>
	<head>
	  <link href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/themes/prism-dark.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
	</head>
	<body style="font-size: 50px">
	  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/components/prism-core.min.js"></script>
	  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/plugins/autoloader/prism-autoloader.min.js"></script>
	  <pre>
		<code class="language-js">
  const reactNative = true;
  const prism = true;
  if(reactNative && prism) {
    console.log('It Works!');
  }
  else {
    console.log('Sad');
  }
		</code>
	  </pre>
	</body>
  </html>

Step 3: Integrate WebView in React Native with PrismJs

Let’s break this step in 2 parts. First, react native code and second, webview with prism. In first part, I will write the code and import webview in it.

import * as React from 'react';
import { View, SafeAreaView } from 'react-native';
import { WebView } from 'react-native-webview';

export default function App() {
  return (
      <View style={{flex:1}}>
        <SafeAreaView />
        {/*We Will Put WebView Here*/}
      </View>
  );
}

In this code I am using View and SafeAreaView. Also I am importing WebView from community package, react-native-webview.

In second step, I will integrate prism with WebView. Here is the code for it –

<WebView
          originWhitelist={['https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/themes/prism-dark.min.css', 'https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/components/prism-core.min.js', 'https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/plugins/autoloader/prism-autoloader.min.js']}
          source={{ html: `
<!DOCTYPE html>
  <html>
	<head>
	  <link href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/themes/prism-dark.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />
	</head>
	<body style="font-size: 50px">
	  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/components/prism-core.min.js"></script>
	  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/prism/1.22.0/plugins/autoloader/prism-autoloader.min.js"></script>
	  <pre>
		<code class="language-js">
  const reactNative = true;
  const prism = true;
  if(reactNative && prism) {
    console.log('It Works!');
  }
  else {
    console.log('Sad');
  }
		</code>
	  </pre>
	</body>
  </html>
  ` }}
/>

In this code I have included the originWhiteList property of WebView. This property helps in keeping our code secure from XSS attack. Only whitelist those Urls which you trust. Like I have whitelisted only the cdnjs links. If you want to learn more about originWhiteList, refer here.

React Native PrismJs Demo

Conclusion

In this article we have seen how easy it is to use Prism in React Native. It is not necessary to use Html inside webview component. Else, you can also call a url or store a static html file in app and load that. So, there are a number of ways to work with it.

That’s it for now. See you in next article. Till then, Happy Coding.

Read More

Step by step guide to React Native animations

About the Author

akamit

I am Akash Mittal, an overall computer scientist. If you want to guest post, need help in your projects, want to advertise, Feel free to contact me at [email protected]

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